Nineteenth-century British workers who destroyed machinery (8)?
Luddites Source(s): http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Baker_0…
Susan is correct and has included a nice link, too!
BTW, contained by Belgium and Holland, workers in fear of losing job to machines would throw their wooden shoes into machinery in order to shut it down. The Belg (and French) word for shoe is "sabot" and these interfering workers be called "saboteurs!"